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2019-09-09 20:30:50 作者:大师 手机看新闻

污染最重10城市 世界上污染最严重的10个城市

[提要] According to the report by World Health Organization (WHO), In 2010, ome 223,000 people around the world died from lung cancer caued by expoure to air pollution. And more than ha...

According to the report by World Health Organization (WHO), In 2010, some 223,000 people around the world died from lung cancer caused by exposure to air pollution. And more than half of those deaths are believed to have been in China and elsewhere in East Asia. WHO released a list of world's 10 most polluted cities. The list includes four Iranian cities, three Pakistani, two Indian and one city of Mongolia and Botswana.

根据世界卫生组织(WHO)的报告,2010年,全世界约有223,000人死于暴露于空气污染的肺癌。据信,超过一半的死亡病例发生在中国和东亚其他地区。世卫组织发布了全球十大污染最严重城市的名单。这份名单包括四个伊朗城市,三个巴基斯坦,两个印度和一个蒙古和博茨瓦纳。

The pollution is measured as the microgramme (mcg) concentration per cubic metre of air of particulate matter smaller than 10 micrometres (PM10)—about a seventh of the width of a human hair.

这种污染被测量为每立方米空气中微粒含量小于10微米(PM10)的微克浓度(PM10),大约是人类头发宽度的七分之一。

The Middle East and North Africa is the world's most polluted region with an annual mean level well over 130 mcg/m3, followed by Southeast Asia with a level near 100 mcg/m3. Here are the ten world's worst cities for air pollution, according to the WHO.

中东和北非是世界上污染最严重的地区,年平均水平超过130微克/立方米,其次是东南亚,接近100微克/立方米。根据世界卫生组织的数据,这里是全球十大空气污染最严重的城市。

10. Lahore, Pakistan  Lahore, Pakistan

 

Lahore – The most beautiful, famous and historical city of Pakistan is also one of the most polluted cities in the world. With an annual mean figure of 200 mcg/m3 according to 2003 data, it has been rated to be the third most contaminated city in Pakistan and 10th in the world.

拉合尔——巴基斯坦最美丽、最著名、历史最悠久的城市,也是世界上污染最严重的城市之一。根据2003年的数据,它的年平均产量为200微克/立方米,被评为巴基斯坦第三大污染城市,世界排名第十。

9. Kanpur, India 印度坎普尔

 

Kanpur, famous for its leather industry, is one of the most polluted cities in the world. With an annual mean figure of 209 mcg/m3 according to 2008 data, it has been rated to be the second most contaminated city of India and 9th of the world.

以皮革工业闻名的坎普尔是世界上污染最严重的城市之一。根据2008年的数据,它的年平均值为209微克/立方米,被评为印度第二大污染城市和世界第9个城市。

8. Yasuj, Iran Yasuj,伊朗

 

With an annual mean level of 215 mcg/m3 according to 2009 data, Yasuj has been rated to be the fourth most contaminated city in Iran and 8th in the world.

根据2009年的数据,Yasuj的年平均水平为215微克/立方米,被评为伊朗第四大污染城市,世界排名第

7. Gaborone, Botswana 博茨瓦纳哈博罗内

 

With an annual mean figure of 216 mcg/m3 according to 2005 data, Gaborone has been rated to be the most polluted city in Botswana and 7th in the world.

根据2005年的数据,Gaborone的年平均产量为216微克/立方米,被认为是博茨瓦纳和世界上污染最严重的城市。

6. Peshawar, Pakistan 白沙瓦,巴基斯坦

 

With an annual mean figure of 219 mcg/m3 according to 2003 data, Peshawar has been rated to be the second most contaminated city of Pakistan and 6th of world.

根据2003年的数据,白沙瓦的年平均产量为219微克/立方米,被认为是巴基斯坦第二大污染城市,也是世界第6个城市。

5. Kermanshah, Iran 科曼莎,伊朗

 

Five million people are poisoned by pollution everyday in the developing world. With an annual mean figure of 229 mcg/m3, Kermanshah has been rated to be 3rd the most polluted city in Iran and 5th in world.

在发展中国家,每天有500万人因污染而中毒。Kermanshah的年平均产量为229微克/立方米,被认为是伊朗污染最严重的城市,世界排名第五。

4. Quetta, Pakistan 基达,巴基斯坦

 

According to a report, 25 per cent of all deaths in developing country are related to environmental factors. Pakistan's Quetta ranks among top ten polluted cities in the world. With an annual mean level of 251 mcg/m3, Quetta has been rated to be th most contaminated city in Pakistan.

根据一份报告,发展中国家25%的死亡与环境因素有关。巴基斯坦的奎达是世界十大污染城市之一。奎塔的年平均水平为251微克/立方米,被认为是巴基斯坦污染最严重的城市。

4. Ludhiana, India 卢迪亚纳,印度

 

Ludhiana has been rated to be the most polluted city in India, and 4th in world with an annual mean level of 251 mcg/m3 according to 2008 data. The Union environment ministry imposed a ban on industrial pollution in January 2010. The ban was lifted in February 2011 but the ministry instructed the industry to prepare an action plan to keep a check on pollution.

根据2008年的数据,卢迪亚纳被评为印度污染最严重的城市,在世界上排名第四,年平均水平为251微克/立方米。2010年1月,欧盟环境部颁布了一项工业污染禁令。该禁令于2011年2月解除,但该部指示该行业制定一项行动计划,以遏制污染。

3. Sanandaj, Iran 萨南达季,伊朗

 

At No.3 in the list of most polluted cities is the capital of Kurdish Culture and Kurdistan Province, The Sanandaj with an annual mean level of 254 mcg/m3 according to 2009 data.

在污染最严重的城市中排名第三的是库尔德文化和库尔德斯坦省首府,根据2009年的数据,Sanandaj的年平均水平为254 mcg/m

2. Ulan Bator, Mongolia 蒙古的乌兰巴托

 

According to a report by the World Health Organisation, Ulan Bator city of Mongolia is at second spot among the world's most polluted cities, with an annual mean figure of 279 mcg/m3 according to 2008 data. According to a study produced by the Public Health Institute of Ulan Bator, the number of people sickened by respiratory disease increased 45 per cent between 2004 and 2008.

根据世界卫生组织(who)的一份报告,蒙古的乌兰巴托城市(Ulan Bator city)位居全球污染最严重城市的第二名,根据2008年的数据,它的年平均数字为279微克/立方米。根据乌兰巴托公共卫生研究所(Public Health Institute of Ulan Bator)的一项研究,2004年至2008年间,因呼吸道疾病而患病的人数增加了45%。

1. Ahvaz, Iran 阿瓦士,伊朗

 

Ahwaz, in southwestern Iran, which produces the country's most oil, is topped the most polluted cities in the world, with an annual mean level of 372 mcg/m3 according to 2009 data.

位于伊朗西南部的阿瓦兹是该国石油产量最高的国家,它是世界上污染最严重的城市之一,根据2009年的数据,它的年平均水平为372微克/立方米。

Five million people are poisoned by pollution everyday in the developing world. According to UN's health body, more than 2 million people die every year from breathing indoor and outdoor particle pollution. Particles are released by burning petrol and diesel for car and motorcycle combustion, or coal, fuel wood, charcoal and animal waste for heating and cooking. Weather conditions can drastically affect pollution levels. Other pollution yardsticks are gases—ozone, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide that are potential irritants of the airways or eyes.

在发展中国家,每天有500万人因污染而中毒。根据联合国的健康机构,每年有200多万人死于室内和室外的颗粒物污染。通过燃烧汽油和柴油为汽车和摩托车燃烧,或煤、燃料木材、木炭和动物粪便来加热和烹饪,颗粒被释放出来。天气状况会严重影响污染水平。其他的污染标准是气体——臭氧、二氧化硫和氮氧化物,这些都是气道或眼睛潜在的刺激物。

Chinese city Shanghai, which is notorious for being one of the most polluted cities in the world. Indonesian capital, Jakarta, is also among the world's most polluted places. Paris, whose levels hit a high of 180 mcg/m3 last week, has an annual mean level of 38 mcg/m3 according to 2008 data. Beijing, which has also been in the news over smothering smog, is listed with an annual mean figure of 121 mcg/m3. Among other most polluted cities Dehli with an annual mean figure of 198 mcg/m3, Lucknow 186 mcg/m3, Indore 174 mcg/m3, Mumbai 132 mcg/m3, Lanzhou 150 mcg/m3, Xining 141 mcg/m3, Urumqi 140 mcg/m3, Jinan 123 mcg/m3 are toped the chart.

众所周知,上海是世界上污染最严重的城市之一。印尼首都雅加达也是全球污染最严重的地区之一。根据2008年的数据,巴黎的年平均水平为38微克/立方米。北京也在雾霾笼罩的新闻中,它的年度平均数字是121微克/立方米。在其他污染最严重的城市中,Dehli的年平均值为198 mcg/m3, Lucknow 186 mcg/m3, Indore 174 mcg/m3,孟买132 mcg/m3, Lanzhou 150 mcg/m3, Xining 141 mcg/m3,乌鲁木齐140 mcg/m3,济南123 mcg/m3的图表。

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